Friday, March 4, 2011

Energy Crises in Pakistan: EXPOSED

Energy crises in Pakistan .
1). Hydral
2). Thermal (Gas/Steam/Furnace Oil)
3). Nuclear
There are four major power producers in country which include Water & Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC),
Independent Power Producers (IPPs) and Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC).
Below is the break-up of the installed capacity of each of these power producers (as of June-2008).
 WAPDA Hydal                                                      
Location District Province Power Generation MW
Terbela Haripur Hazara Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 3478
Mangla Mirpur Azad Kashmir 1000
Ghazi-Brotha Haripur Hazara Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 1450
Warsak Mohmand Agency Mohmand Agency 243
Chashma Mianwali Punjab 184
Dargai Malakand Agency Malakand Agency 20
Rasul Mandi Bahauddin Punjab 22
Shadi-Waal Gujrat Punjab 18
NandiPur Gujranwala Punjab 14
Kurram Garhi Banu Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 4
Renala Okara Punjab 1
Chitral Chitral Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 1
Jagran (AK) Muzaffar Abad Azad Kashmir 30
Total Hydal 6465

WAPDA Thermal

Location            District   Province    Power Generation MW
Gas Turbine Power Station, Shadra Rawalpindi Punjab 59
Steam Power Station,                      Faisalabad Punjab 132
Gas Turbine Power Station,             Faisalabad Punjab 244
Gas Power Station, Multan              Multan Punjab 195
Thermal Power Station,                   Muzaffar Garh Punjab 1350
Thermal Power Station, Guddu             Kashmor Sindh 1655
Gas Turbine Power Station, Kotri         Jamshoro Sindh 174
Thermal Power Station, Jamshoro       Janshoro Sindh 850
Thermal Power Station, Larkana          Larkana Sindh 150
Thermal Power Station, Quetta           Quetta Baluchistan 35
Gas Turbine Power Station, Panjgur    Pajngur Baluchistan 39
Thermal Power Station, Pasni              Gwadar Baluchistan 17
Total Thermal 4900

WAPDA's Total Hydal + Thermal capacity is 11365

2.Karachi Electric Supply Company
Location           District       Province     Power Generation MW
Thermal Power Station, Korengi           Karachi Sindh 316
Gas Turbine Power Station, Korengi     Karachi Sindh 80
Gas Turbine Power Station, SITE         Karachi Sindh 100
Thermal Power Station, Bin Qasim       Karachi Sindh 1260
Total (KESC)                                                              1756

3.Independent Power Producers (IPPs)
Location          District           Province           Power Generation MW
Hub Power Project Lasbela                           Baluchistan 1292
AES Lalpir Ltd, Mahmood Kot                        Muzaffar Garh Punjab 362
AES Pak Gen, Mahmood Kot MuzaffarGarh  Muzaffar Garh Punjab 365
Altern Energy Ltd, Attock                            Attock Punjab 29
Fauji KabirWala Power Company,Khanewal Khanewal Punjab 157
Gul Ahmad Energy Ltd, Korengi                   Karachi Sindh 136
Habibullah Coastal Power Ltd                      Quetta Baluchistan 140
Japan Power Generation, Lahore                Lahore Punjab 120
Koh-e-Noor Energy Ltd, Lahore                   Lahore Punjab 131
Liberty Power Limited, Ghotki                      Ghotki Sindh 232
Rousch Power, Khaniwal                             Khaniwal Punjab 412
Saba Power Company, Sheikhpura             Sheikhpura Punjab 114
Southern Electric Power Company Ltd,       Raiwind Punjab 135
Tapal Energy Limited, Karachi                      Karachi Sindh 126
Uch Power Ltd, Dera Murad Jamali,            Nasirabad Baluchistan 586
Attock Gen Ltd, Morgah Rawalpindi            Rawalpindi Punjab 165
Atlas Power, Sheikhpura                            Sheikhpura Punjab 225
Engro Energy Ltd, Karachi                          Karachi Sindh 0
Kot Addu Power Company Limited             Muzaffar Garh Punjab 1638
Total  (IPPs)                                                           6365

4.Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission
Location              District           Province             Power Generation MW
KANUPP(Karachi Nuclear Power Plant)                Karachi Sindh 137
CHASNUPP-1(Chashma Nuclear Power Plant-1) Mianwali Punjab 325
Total (Nuclear)                                                                462

Hydal Electricity generated by WAPDA varies between two extremities i.e. between minimum of 2414 MW and maximum of 6465 MW depending upon the river flow through the whole year.
Total Power Generation Capacity of Pakistan (including all sources) is 19948 MW and the electricity demand (as of today 20-04-2010) is 14500 MW and PEPCO is merely generating 10000 MW.
So it is obvious that these 15-20 hrs power shutdowns in most parts of the country are not because of the lack of generation capacity but only because of IMF / World Bank policies imposed on our nation by Govt.
The Power Generation companies are not buying Furnace Oil from PSO by saying they don’t have money to do that but we are all paying for Electricity that is generated from Furnace Oil. This is the reason that top refineries like PRL are operating at 40% capacities. IMF / World bank has imposed to reduce budget deficit by importing less crude oil. But due to this fact all our industries are under severe crisis. None of our political party who are in Assembly is ready to speak on it because every one is blessed by US / IMF / World Bank.

Dear Pakistani’s,
This is a time to show your social activism your power and strength. It is your silence which is deafening and your couldn’t care less attitude which makes the people in power more powerful evasive and secure in their Air conditioned offices.
Electricity now is @12 Rs. per unit, and it will increase after every two months as directed by (American) IMF policies.
Also CHINA offers to Pakistan Electricity for just Rs.300 Monthly Bill and Unlimited Usage of Electricity but our government is not taking the offer seriously. This is because there will be neither kick backs nor any commissions to be pocketed by the strong mafia of politicians and bureaucrats.
These people are there because of your votes. Let them serve you rather than rule you……

No comments:

Post a Comment